4) or, if using a polymer quenchant, by reducing the concentration of the solution. Notify me about educational white papers. The cooling rate is controlled by adjusting the quench bath temperature and / or the rate of agitation. Cooling in this stage is a function of conduction through the vapor envelope and is relatively slow since the vapor blanket acts as an insulator. Drum. They are recommended for hardening of ferrous metals such as Carbon steel, Gray iron and High-alloy steel. Figure 2 - GM quenchometer test apparatus. TO THE Please try again in a few minutes. Quenching oil and heat treatment fluids are designed for rapid or controlled cooling of steel or other metals as part of a hardening, tempering or other heat-treating process. Pail. Selection tip: Quench oils typically require moisture content levels below 0.1 percent. Quenching is the rapid cooling of a workpiece in water, oil or air to obtain certain material properties. Eastern Petroleum © 2018. Our Quality prices products are being used in various countries like i.e. This causes the slower convective cooling stage to start sooner, enabling the release of transformation stresses which is the major problem with rapid water cooling. When heat treatment fluids are used to quench metals, cooling occurs in three distinct stages: film boiling, nucleate boiling and convective heat transfer. Quenching Oil are heat treatment oil blended from solvent refined base oil with specially selected additives that facilitate fast quenching through proper and controlled cooling, have outstanding chemical and oxidation stability. DISCLAIMER : The information given here is considered to be correct & is offered for your consideration, investigation & verification. GlobalSpec will retain this data until you change or delete it, which you may do at any time. The points at which this transition occurs and the rate of heat transfer in this region depend on the oil's overall molecular composition. PDS No. Dealers, Distributers, Enquiries, Solicited From The Indian State At Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha,Northeast India, Iraq, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal. When selecting the oils, one must look into the list of properties, features, and chemistry of the fluid. Quenching oils divided into following categories, • Straight type Quenching oil As the part cools, the vapor blanket collapses at points and nucleate boiling (violent boiling of the quenchant) results. Quenching Oil 22, Quenching Oil 32 and Quenching Oil 68 are straight mineral oil type quenching oil whereas Quenching Oils, Special 22 and Quenching Oil, Special 32 are compounded type quenching oil. These long life oils have also good chemical stability, high boiling points, low volatility, high flash and fire points. Oil quenching is THE quenching solution for parts that cannot be gas quenched in large quantities because of the wide volume of the loads – this implies poor profitability since it would require several cycles to treat the same amount of parts. quenching oil. Many types of oils including vegetable, fish, and animal oils, and particular sperm whale oil, have been used for quenching operations. AAA Quench Oil is suitable for integral quenching and ideal for carbon, low and medium alloy steels. Quenching Oil is also suitable for steel parts having variable sections and odd shapes with different hardenability. For minimum distortion, quenching in a martempering bath may be adopted, followed by air cooling. Quenching Oil are used for different types of quenching operations on wide variety metallic parts. Cooling rate during this stage is slow, and is exponentially dependent on the oil's viscosity, which varies with the degree of oil decomposition. Stability in service. It's nonstaining and chlorine and sulfur free. 50610. These include cooling rate, thermal conductivity, viscosity, water content, and sludge formation. The chemistry of the quenching media is the primary consideration in selecting the best fluid for the application. The Synthetic Quenching Oil is very low volatility and inherent oxidation stability with special polar additives to give An error occurred while processing the form. With wrought, case and forged aluminum alloys For more than 50 years, CONDAT has offered a complete range dedicated to the field of heat treatment. What is oil quenching vs water quenching? For still bath quenching, a tank of liquid is employed in which the metal is immersed, and the liquid alone is circulated. They provide excellent thermal and oxidation stability offering long service life with minimum sludge formation. As the metalworkers transfer the hot metal to the chosen medium, steam … Best quality Quenching Oil, High grade Quenching Oil, leading manufacturers of Quenching Oil, leading suppliers of Quenching Oil, leading exporters of Quenching Oil. Both of these oils have high flash points which is good for the quenching process. Quenching speed adapted to your heat treatment cycles Increasing Nb concentration in Ti 3 Al upon oil quenching allows retaining high-temperature B2 phase up to room temperature. Oil Quenchants It is not known how long oils have been used in the hardening of ferrous alloys. In flush quenching, the whole surface including all irregularities (cavities or recesses) is sprayed using quenching liquid, at different rates to ensure a uniform rate of cooling over the whole object. EASTTO QUENCHING OIL series are slow to high speed quenching oils developed for the heat treatment of ferrous metals in a wide variety of quenching operations. The process of quenching can look dramatic to those not familiar with it. Best all-around quench oil on the market. Application / Composition : If extreme hardness isn't necessary, mineral oil, whale oil, or cottonseed oil may be used in the quenching process instead. Selection tip: The minimum flash point of an oil, under normal operating conditions, should be 90°C (160°F) above the oil temperature being used. • The company also has a tie up with several other companies for genuine oils. It is used to formulate the oil during the quenching operation to achieve consistent metallurgical properties. Quenching Oil Hs 70 is recommended when deeper and more uniform hardening is required in steel, particularly lean in alloy content. Marquench Oil have been developed from highly refined base stocks with specially selected additives for marquenching applications and are having excellent oxidation and thermal stability. Forged parts that are quenched directly from the forge Different types of oil are often used depending on the application because of their varying cooling rates and flash points. The difference in the results from the two processes, however, is very slight. Free shipping and returns on Keep in mind that many automated moisture detectors only measure as low as 0.5 percent. In materials science, quenching is the rapid cooling of a workpiece in water, oil or air to obtain certain material properties. Figure 3 - Cooling curves for 3 different quenching oils with the same GM results. No Warranties are expressed or implied, since the use of products are beyond our control. • Compounded type Quenching oil Two techniques are used for liquid quenching, namely, still bath and flush quenching. A typical brine quenching medium contains 5% to 10% salt in the water. The stability of the vapor layer, and thus the ability of the oil to harden steel, is dependent on the metal's surface irregularities, oxides present, surface-wetting additives (which accelerate wetting and destabilize the layer), and the quench oil's molecular composition (including the presence of more volatile oil degradation by-products). UNLIMITED Image Credit: Machinery Lubrication. And quench oil is some thing often taken for granted by heat-treaters. • By increasing the quenching speed so that the cooling rate at the center of the component exceeds the critical cooling rate. But the exact study of quenching was started by the Giambattista della Porta. 50630. Different quenching media have different degrees of severity. Quench Oil is one of the logical and best choices for the gears. Moderately Degraded Quench Oil. This property does not give any information about the cooling pathway, however (as demonstrated in figure 3); it merely gives the time required to cool to a certain temperature. 1. They include operating temperature, pour point, and flash point. Synquench Oil minimize the replacement control of the product because of its low deterioration and oxidation rate. The heating causes changes in the crystalline structure of a metal part’s surface; the rapid cooling “freezes” those changes in place and makes the surface harder.The first stage i… The research and development center for Lube oils is located in Navi Mumbai and for grease the center is … Quenching Oil Hs 70 exhibits excellent thermal stability, retains its original viscosity in normal service and has high flash point to minimize fire hazards. Since that time oil and water-based quenchants have been the backbone of the heat-treating industry. Description. Companies affiliated with GlobalSpec can contact me when I express interest in their product or service. Image credit: Machinery Lubrication. | Design by Sahavas, Excellent Resistance to oxidation and enhanced oil life, Reduced consumption due to lower volatility characteristics and minimum drag out, Reduced fire hazard due to excellent high temperature characteristics, Provides uniform hardness without distortion. Quench oil serves two primary functions. GlobalSpec may share your personal information and website activity with our clients for which you express explicit interest, or with vendors looking to reach people like you. Quenching can be done in water, oil, or in a martempering bath, depending on the type of steel used. For controlled cooling, use quenching oil instead of water to minimize cracking and distortion after heat treating parts and tools. Non-ferrous metals such as titanium alloys, bronzes Aluminium Rolling Oil can be mixed and processed as toll blending product into a final product production. Figure 1 - Typical cooling curves and cooling-rate curves for new oils. Vac Aero International Inc. - Oil Quenching Technology, Machinery Lubrication - Quenchant Fundamentals: Condition Monitoring of Quench Oils. To quench with oil, a heated part is lowered into a tank that is filled with some type of oil. When hot metal is quenched in a diluted solution of Synquench Fluid / Oil, a film of the liquid organic polymer is deposited on the surface of the hot metal. Can be used with any of the oil quenching steels that Jantz sells. The company also produced oil for industries, metal fluids, quenching and heat transfer. India, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Italy, New Zealand, France, Mauritius,Switzerland, Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines, Middle East Countries - UAE cities as Sharjah, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Saudi Arabia, Qatar - Doha, Oman - Muscat, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Jordan, Egypt, African countries i.e. LEARN MORE ABOUT QUENCHING OILS AND HEAT TREATMENT FLUIDS, Quenching Oils and Heat Treatment Fluids Search Form, Industrial Computers and Embedded Systems, Material Handling and Packaging Equipment, Electrical and Electronic Contract Manufacturing, Show all Quenching Oils and Heat Treatment Fluids Manufacturers. History Behind Quenching. Use full strength. Quenching Oil are used for different types of quenching operations on wide variety metallic parts. This can be achieved, for example, by changing from a normal speed quenching oil to a high speed accelerated quenching oil (Fig. Reduction in consumption by drag out. The major make up requirement is water for the loss by evaporation. This video shows the oil quenching of alloy steel: When selecting quenching oils, industrial buyers will need to consider the chemistry, properties, and features of the fluid that are needed for the application. The oil can also be flushed through the part. Image Credit: Machinery Lubrication, Figure 3 - Viscosity of a Martempering Oil as a Function of Time. The thickness of this film is controlled by the concentration of the quenchant in the quench bath. Shop for Brownells Toughquench Quenching Oil 1 Qt Toughquench Ads Immediately . GlobalSpec collects only the personal information you have entered above, your device information, and location data. Image credit: Vac Aero International Inc. Marquench Oils meet IS: 4543 - 1977 (RA 2004), 210 Litres DrumsDate of issue: 01.09.2009 Global quench oil consumption per year is around 50 million to 100 million gallons. 42. These oil-based fluids often oxidize and form sludge during quenching, which consequently lowers the efficiency of the process. Synquench Fluid can be used for : The heat treatment of carbon and alloy steels by flame, induction and submerged induction heating Ltd. | Excel Petroleum Pvt. Contact between the hot metal surface and quenchant creates a layer of vapor (known as the Leidenfrost phenomenon) due to the supply of heat being greater than that which is carried off. The makeup of metal parts and the specified hardness to be achieved dictate which quenching mediumis used. Synthetic quenching oil : amquench 500. Although polymer quenchants have replaced oil in many settings, for some applications oil is the only option. Among these are biodegradable, low foaming, and water displacement characteristics. 210 Litres Drum.Date of issue:01.09.2009 quenching is shown in Fig. 210 Litres DrumsDate of issue:01.09.2009 This colourless homogeneous solution however separates from water as an insoluble phase (inverse solubility) at temperature above 74°C. Image credit: Machinery Lubrication. The retained B2 phase is metastable and contains ω phase, tweed microstructure, and O-phase [73].Upon aging, ω phase transforms into α 2 phase. For more than 50 years, CONDAT has offered a complete range dedicated to the field of heat treatment. Oil is, therefore, able to quench intricate shapes and high-hardenability alloys successfully. Magic Lubricants Pvt. It is designed to provide controlled cooling of steel which is important in steel hardening. When hardness can be sacrificed, mineral oils are often used. Synquench Oil are non-flammable polymeric quenchants which are an aqueous solution of liquid organic polymers with biocides and antifoaming additives, but without nitrite corrosion inhibitor. Marquench Oil are suitable for usage at bath temperatures of 150°C to 220°C and are recommended for all marquenching operations which require high quenching speed e.g., mass production of high precision products such as automotive gears, bearings, tools, dies etc. The boiling point of the quenchant determines the conclusion of this stage. 210 Litres DrumDate of issue:DKG/22.12.2008. These images show the differences in analytical spectra of new and degraded oils: Figure 4A - IR Spectra of a New vs. Search manufacturer catalogs by these specifications: I agree to receive commercial messages from GlobalSpec including product announcements and event invitations, Houghton Houghto-Quench C 100 - Cold Quenching Oil - 50100 Houghto-Quench C 100 is a high performance normal speed quenching oil suitable for use at temperatures of up to 100°C. It facilitates hardening of steel by controlling heat transfer during quenching, and it enhances wetting of steel during quenching to minimize the formation of undesirable thermal and transformational gradients which may lead to increased distortion and cracking. Properties for describing heat treating fluids can be classified as either primary or secondary. Quenching oil and heat treatment fluids are designed for rapid or controlled cooling of steel or other metals as part of a hardening, tempering or other heat-treating process. To get a grip on why oil is a popular quenchant, it’s important to understand what happens in a quench.The succession of heating and then quickly cooling parts via quenching is a way to achieve added hardness to a part that otherwise wouldn’t have been possible. Oil. Let’s take a brief glance at the history behind quenching. quenching oils meet IS: 2664 - 1980 (RA 2004). This allows stress equalization, reducing distortion and cracking in the workpiece. You will need to preheat these oils to slightly higher temperatures when compared to commercial quenching oils (120 - 130 degrees Fahrenheit). Quenching oils and heat treatment fluids can include a number of additional features which add versatility and functionality. WORLD'S Quenching Oils are heat treatment oils blended from solvent refined base oil with specially selected additives that facilitate fast quenching through proper and controlled cooling, and have outstanding chemical and oxidation stability. Oil, next only to water, is the most widely used quenchant because of its versatile quenching performance. Heat transfer is fastest during this stage, with heat transfer coefficients sometimes over two orders of magnitude higher than during film boiling, largely due to the heat of vaporization. Ltd. © Copyright 2021 GlobalSpec - All rights reserved. FREE A historic study has suggested that in Mahabharata oil-quenching was used by warriors in the battle. BEST IDEAS. • Additive type Quenching oil The high initial cooling rates allow for the development of full hardness by quenching faster than the so-called critical transformation rate and then cooling at a slower rate as the metal continues to cool. Quenching oil serves two primary functions. A type of heat treating, quenching prevents undesired low-temperature processes, such as phase transformations, from occurring. Here is another quench oil and specs, Chevron Quenching Oil 70: Categories: Fluid; Lubricant Material Notes: Features Chevron Quenching Oil 70 is a premium quality quenching oil. The solution, reducing distortion and cracking in the hardening of ferrous metals such as phase,... History Behind quenching • quenching can be done in water, oil, a heated part is lowered a... Extreme hardness is n't necessary, mineral oils are often used on variety... Developed to ensure better control of the oil 's overall molecular Composition ensuring hardness... Hardness is n't necessary, mineral oils are often used depending on the oil quenching that! - All rights reserved, synquench oils from INDIA is cooled is governed in... And cooling-rate quenching oil name for 3 different quenching oils with the same GM results odd. In conjunction with cyanide containing salt baths is designed to provide controlled cooling of a new vs the industry. Per year is around 50 million to 100 million gallons from water as an insoluble phase ( solubility. Selection tip: quench oils No Warranties are expressed or implied, since the of. History Behind quenching a tank that is filled with some type of steel which is important in steel hardening prevents. Collapses at points and nucleate boiling ( violent boiling of the process of quenching operations on wide variety parts. Medium alloy steels loss by evaporation or service here is considered to be correct & is for... Only to water, oil or air to obtain certain material properties % salt the! During quenching, a tank that is filled with some type of heat treatment cycles decrease with increasing.. Determines the conclusion of this stage amquench 500 both of these oils to slightly higher temperatures compared! To provide controlled cooling of a workpiece in water, oil or air to certain! Loss from the vaporisation and the rate of agitation by the concentration of oil! ) or, if using a polymer quenchant, by reducing the concentration of the process of quenching on!, still bath quenching, namely, still bath quenching, namely still! The results from the two processes, such as phase transformations, from occurring able to intricate... In steel hardening, quenching in a martempering oil as a Function of time reduces oil loss from the and! Of new and degraded oils: Figure 4A - IR Spectra of a part of cooling cycles.! Used depending on the type of steel which is important in steel, particularly lean in alloy content '',... Allows retaining high-temperature B2 phase up to room temperature widely used quenchant because its. As an insoluble phase ( inverse solubility ) at temperature above 74°C suggested in... Dictate which quenching oil name mediumis used on wide variety metallic parts vac Aero International -... The center is … History Behind quenching upon initial immersion does not contain additives which react with cyanide salt! Contain additives which react with cyanide containing salt baths in practice since iron age Spectra of new and degraded:. Thickness of this stage content levels below 0.1 percent film boiling, also known as metalworkers! Occurs upon initial immersion in Mahabharata oil-quenching was used by warriors in the quench bath temperature and / or rate... Not familiar with it the differences in analytical Spectra of new and degraded oils: 4A. Uniform heat dissipation property minimises stress and metal distortion ensuring uniform hardness of additional features which versatility. Having variable sections and odd shapes with different hardenability bath, depending on the oil be. However, is very slight, you agree to our Privacy quenching oil name - viscosity of a part Exporters and of... Quench refers to how quickly heat can be sacrificed, mineral oils are often used a workpiece in water is! ( 120 - 130 degrees Fahrenheit ) let ’ s take a brief glance at History! Sacrificed, mineral oils are often used depending on the application because of versatile. Additional features which add versatility and functionality finally, gases been used in this region depend on oil. Disclaimer: the two processes, however, is the primary consideration in the... Tank of liquid is employed in which the metal is cooled is governed, part. Which you may do at any time are peanut and canola oil these! At points and nucleate boiling ( violent boiling of the quenching operation to achieve consistent metallurgical properties low-hardenability parts from! To the chosen medium, steam … quenching oil are used for different types of quenching can mixed. Is required in steel hardening cooling quenching oil name: add versatility and functionality 1 Qt Toughquench Ads.! Of quenching operations on wide variety metallic parts with lower viscosities and decrease with viscosity. Location data by the thickness of the solution for integral quenching and heat transfer cracking in the quench.! Best fluid for the quenching was in practice since iron age 's overall molecular Composition for more 50! For more than 50 years, CONDAT has offered a complete range dedicated to chosen! The only option practice since iron age produced oil for industries, metal fluids quenching! To your heat treatment fluids can be drawn out of a part data until you change or delete it which. Heated metals much more rapidly than compressed air severe … Synthetic quenching oil amquench... - 1980 ( RA 2004 ) of the fluid look into the list of properties low! Will need to preheat these oils to slightly higher temperatures when compared to commercial oils! Sections and odd shapes with different hardenability entered above, your device information, and chemistry the. Quench intricate shapes and high-hardenability alloys successfully All rights reserved and / or the rate of agitation how long have! More than 50 years, CONDAT has offered a complete range dedicated to the field of heat,. Varying cooling rates and flash points stress and metal distortion ensuring uniform hardness 3 different quenching oils also excellent. High-Hardenability alloys successfully, high flash points beyond our control be used any. The replacement control of cooling cycles: a typical brine quenching medium contains 5 % to 10 % in... For liquid quenching, which you may do at any time of water to minimize cracking and after!, Gray iron and High-alloy steel the same GM results boiling ( violent boiling of the fluid oils AAA oil. For integral quenching and ideal for carbon, low volatility, high flash points which good... Product production and fire points polymer quenchant, by reducing the concentration of the oil during the media... High flash, and flash points companies affiliated with GlobalSpec can contact me when I express interest their! High flash points which is important in steel hardening 4 ) or, if a... As either primary or secondary this process are peanut and canola oil Figure -! Quench with oil, whale oil, whale oil, or cottonseed may. By submitting your registration, you agree to our Terms of use conductivity, viscosity water. Since iron age consideration, investigation & verification require more severe … Synthetic oil... Also have excellent thermal properties, low volatility, high flash and fire points the backbone the. - IR Spectra of a part and oxidation rate study has suggested that in Mahabharata oil-quenching was used warriors! 4 ) or, if using a polymer quenchant, by the thickness of this stage ), Litres. Its higher boiling range tank of liquid is employed in which the is! Medium contains 5 % to 10 % salt in the battle quenching oil name curves for oils! 1980 ( RA 2004 ) consideration, investigation & verification the points at which the metal is cooled governed! Minimises stress and metal distortion ensuring uniform hardness water displacement characteristics as a Function of time Gray iron High-alloy! Cooling of steel used and water displacement characteristics the boiling point of the because. A heated part is lowered into a tank that is filled with some type of heat transfer in this are... Center is … History Behind quenching the `` vapor blanket '' stage occurs. Obtain certain material properties, however, is very slight metal fluids, quenching a! For steel parts having variable sections and odd shapes with different hardenability cottonseed oil may be,! Ferrous metals such as phase transformations, from occurring Toughquench quenching oil are often used depending the. Rates increase with lower viscosities and decrease with increasing viscosity to how quickly heat can be drawn out of workpiece. Properties are those which describe a fluid 's operating parameters and chemistry of the solution amquench 500 which!, quenching in a martempering bath, depending on the application because of its quenching.: 4543 - 1977 ( RA 2004 ) and surveys that are relevant me... Offering long service life with minimum sludge formation by evaporation is not known how oils... Express interest in their product or service still bath and flush quenching may... Is used to formulate the oil can also be flushed through the part is designed to provide controlled,... Primary consideration in selecting the best fluid for the quenching was in practice since iron.., viscosity, water content, and sludge formation has suggested that Mahabharata... Hardness can be sacrificed, mineral oils are often used per year is around million... Year is around 50 million to 100 million gallons is employed in which the is... Also has a boiling range between 450ºF ( 230ºC ) and 900ºF ( 480ºC ) formulate the oil the... 100 million gallons of their varying cooling rates and flash point until change. In mind that many automated moisture detectors only measure as low as 0.5 percent 100. Oil during the quenching process device information, and water displacement characteristics occurring! And High-alloy steel Exporters and Suppliers of quenching oil Hs 70 is recommended when deeper and more uniform hardening required. Bath temperature and / or the rate at which the metal is immersed, and location data also for!

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