Saint John The Baptist - John The Forerunner - The Greek Orthodox Church and Her Saints, 20 of the Funniest and Dirtiest Nonsensical Greek Wisecrack Expressions and Phrases, Meraki - Greek Word of the Day - Doing it With Love, Passion and a Lot of Soul, What Makes a Greek a Greek? Peony – or paeony is a flowering plant in the genus Paeonia, the only genus in the family Paeoniaceae. Helios then transformed her body into the frankincense tree. One of the Mainas nurses of Dionysos. Mythology : Metamorphosis Leukothoe. See also Abena. The nurse of the infant prince Opheltes lay him in a bed of wild celery as she gave directions to the heroes of the Seven Against Thebes. Narcissus, taken by surprise, exclaimed ‘Hands off! Myth 2 : Barrow of Eetion. When Orpheus and the Argonauts encountered the Hesperides in their garden, the three nymphs transformed themselves into trees: Erytheia became an elm (ptelea), Hesperiea poplar (aigeiros), and Aigle a willow tree (itea). The Greek myth, of how the Sunflower or Heliotrope, came to be, tells the story of the sea nymph, Clytie, a tale of unrequited love. Snapdragon- When a snapdragon flower is squeezed, it resembles a dragon head. Species : Aconitum napellus In mythology, Eros’s (Cupid), arrow, accidentally hit the violet, turning the flower’s juice into an erotic love portion. He transformed himself into a bull and breathed a crocus from his mouth to drawn her near and so carry her away. Delphinium or Larkspur – a genus of about 300 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. Yarrow is a symbol of lasting love, owing to the fact that it takes two or more years to propagate from seed before becoming established, but once established, yarrow is a strong and lasting perennial which can endure conditions and neglect which would kill many other plants. It included not only the physician's art, but also magic (i.e. Ἀμάραντος (Amarantos) was also an Ancient Greek given name. Zeus, a known philanderer, loved Io deeply but was wary of the legendary wrath of his wife, Hera, and on no account wished for her to discover his affair. In a fit of anger, Artemis, gouged out his eyes but as soon as her rage had passed, she felt such remorse, that where the eyes fell, red carnations grew as sign of innocent blood. (Source: Nonnus) A Satyr youth loved by the god Dionysos. (Source: Homer) Totally absorbed in his reflection in the water, Narcissus lost his footing and tumbled into the pond, where he drowned. Sacred to : Zeus (manna juice), Kouretes & Ares (ash-spears) It is also the name of a … Wreaths of wild celery or parsley were worn by mourners at funerals and hung in tombs. It is the largest genus in the family, containing between 525 and 600 species. (Source: Apollonius Rhodius, Valerius Flaccus, et al) In Ancient Greece, the poppy was a symbol of sleep and death, associated with Morpheus, God of sleep and dreams, and Demeter, Goddess of agriculture. Moria was a Lydian nymph whose brother Tylos was killed by a giant serpent. Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, passion and procreation, not known for her loyalty, and who was at the time, even though married to Hephaestus, Greek god of blacksmiths, having a fling with Apollo, the sun god, out of spite turned the nymph Peaonia into a flower. Mythology : Metamorphosis Klytie. An allusion to the flower of the same name, so designated in honor of J. Latin Nature names for girls are all the rage as parents seek to unplug from modern trends and tap into Mother Nature. The white colour symbolized her innocence and purity, later in her life; Aphrodite bled on a white rose whilst trying to heal the wounded Adonis which resulted in the red roses becoming a symbol of passion and desire. Paeon was the physician to the gods who quite unintentionally, drove his teacher, Asclepius, into a rage, after he succeeded in healing Pluto with a milky liquid which he had extracted from the root of a peony. Species : Delphinium ajacis Ancient Greek myths surrounding the 12 signs of the zodiac, flower festival, dedicated to Dionysus, the god of pleasure, How Athens got its Name, the Greek Goddess Athena and the Sacred Olive Trees of Greece, Gemini: The Ancient Greek Myth Behind the Zodiac Sign, How the Aegean Sea of Greece Got its Name: The Legend of Aegeus. 40 Adorable Characteristics which Make Greeks Special, 20 Amazing Ancient Greek Inventions Still in Use Today - The Greeks Did it First. Find out how to use the language of flowers to express deep-felt emotions like love, longing, anticipation, jealousy, hope, and so on. CHRYSAOR: Greek myth name of a giant son of Poseidon and Medusa, meaning "golden sword." The flower got its name from the Greek goddess Iris, goddess of the rainbow. Myth 9 : Witchcraft of Medea. Description : An important orchard tree in ancient Greece. The Gigantes were monstrous sons of Gaia the earth who once made war on the gods of Olympos. The juice of the silver fir (a turpentine-like oil) was mixed by the Greeks with new wine to make it keep. When Demeter was searching for Persephone, she stopped to rest at a farmer's cottage and quenched her thirst with a sweet barley-drink. with love) Outside Top 2000. The famous Phoenician cedar of Lebanon, also found in Crete, is another species. Sacred to : Dionysos (elm and plane saplings were used for the trellacing of vines) ; Haides (the tree was associated with graves of the dead) The lily was dedicated to the goddess Hera, the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth, and the wife of Zeus, god of the sky, lightning and the thunder in Ancient Greece, ruler of all the gods on Mount Olympus. He was the first to discover the use of medicinal herbs and instructed many heroes in the craft, including the famous Asklepios. Greek : Kissos In Greek mythology, this is the name of a youth loved by Apollo who accidentally killed him, after which the hyacinth flower … Hyacinth – a small genus of bulbous, fragrant flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, (This Greek myth is the same as the crocus myth, only the characters differ.). Myth 4 : Medicines of Kheiron. Its slow-burning pith made it an effective torch. After his accidental death the god transformed him into the saffron flower. The lettuce was therefore regarded as the plant of the death of love, and so of impotency. The peony is named after Paeon (also spelled Paean), a student of Asclepius and the Greek god of medicine and healing. (Source: Hesiod), Greek : Sykea Species : Juniperus oxycedrus Myth 1 : Metamorphosis Sykeus. As Apollo wept over Hyacinth, his tears, which dropped on the ground, turned into the beautifully scented flowers, the hyacinths. Iris was also know to be the messenger of Zeus and Hera. (Source: Nonnus) They were entrusted with the raising of the infant Zeus whom they fed on the honey and the milk of the goat Amaltheia. As her tears fell to Earth, the beautiful aster flower burst forth. The Meliai were the Nymphs of the manna ash-tree who were born from the blood of the castrated Ouranos which splattered upon the earth. From birth to death, from innocence to passion, flowers have numerous interpretations and implications in myths and legends of ancient Greece. DAIDALOS: "Cunning worker." Description : A tree of southern Arabia whose aromatic gum was imported into Greece as an incense for use in religious ceremonies. Species : Apium graveolens and Petroselinum sativum (Source: Ovid), Greek : Ampelos Greek : Agallis, iris Herodotus, the fifth century BC Greek historian, was convinced that the lotus-eaters were not a myth but reality and existed in his day, on an island off the coast of Libya. Description : A small deciduous tree or large shrub with hemp-like leaves and branched clusters of purple flowers. The son of one of the nurses of Dionysos. Dianthus comes from the Greek words dios, meaning god and anthos, meaning flower. Gaia had heard from an oracle that her sons were destined to be destroyed and so searched the world for a magical herb which would grant them immortality. Myth 3 : Herb of Glaukos. 1875. These he cast before the princess in the race, slowing her down as she stooped to retrieve them and so won the race. The tree is prized for its wood. A boy loved by the god Hermes. The plant is toxic but was used by the ancients as a treatment for madness and certain other illnesses. It’s a popular name in many parts of the world due to its mention in various religious books. Ancient Greek polychromatic pottery painting (dating to c. 300 BC) of Achilles during the Trojan War. (Médailles et Antiques de la Bibliothèque Nationale de France). Sacred to : Helios Getty. This was the name of a 9th-century Byzantine saint. Mythology : Hamadryas Kraneia. The Greek's called it akoniton (without dirt) because it grows on rocky ground, and lykoktonon (wolf-slaying) because it was traditionally applied by their arrows when hunting wolves. Species : Vitis vinifera When he was slain by a wild boar, the goddess created the red anemone flower from his blood. (Source: Ovid, Plutarch), Greek : Amugdalea (Source: Ovid) Myth 5 : Medicines of Asklepios. Myth 4 : Hamadryas Ptelea. Prohibitions : Beans were a prohibited food in the mystery-cult of Demeter. Iris- The Iris flower got its name from the Greek goddess Iris, messenger to the Gods. During the third day of the festival the ‘Day of Blood’, the high priest would cut his arms and offer the blood as a sacrifice, while his acolytes would castrate themselves underneath the violet-covered tree. Latin: Opening up, evocative of the opening of flower buds in the spring; born … Yarrow, ‘the plant of a thousand leaves’, in Greek mythology, is the plant which Thetis, sea nymph, and goddess of water, is said to have added to the bath water, when bathing her son, the ancient Greek hero, Achilles, in order for its protective powers, to cover his skin and make him invincible, a sort of bullet-proof jacket, so to speak. Some sources say, Rhea, the mother of goddess’ and her daughter, Demeter, brought the poppy from her Cretan cult to Eleusis and it is almost certain that in the Cretan cult circle, opium was derived from poppies. (Source: Strabo), Greek : Ptelea When he killed himself following the death of his beloved pet stag the god transformed him into the cypress tree. One day whilst out hunting alone, Adonis was wounded by a wild boar. Now, the above myth confuses me slightly, but then nothing seems to be straightforward when it comes to Greek mythology, which, by the way, is never-ending, as to my knowledge, Thetis, dipped Achilles, into the River Styx, whose waters were said to bring about invulnerability but as she held him tightly by the heel, whilst dipping him in the river, the water never touched his heel. Description : A summer-blooming herb whose flowers turn to face the sun. In Homer’s the Odyssey, Odysseus and his men, after escaping from the island of the witch, Circe, take refuge upon the land of the Lotus Eaters, whose inhabitants existed exclusively on a diet of lotus flowers (thought to be of the Egyptian Blue Water Lily type of Lotus (Nymphaea); it has also been speculated that they may have been eating poppies.). Zeus spied the Phoenician princess Europa gathering flowers in a spring-time meadow. Mythology : Bouquet of Persephone. 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